Course Category: Medical

Showing 1-9 of 34 results

Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans. Free Certification Academy Europe presents…

Sign Language

Sign languages (also known as signed languages) are languages that use the visual-manual modality to convey meaning. Sign languages are expressed through manual articulations in combination with non-manual elements. Sign languages are full-fledged natural languages with their own grammar and lexicon. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and e-certificates which are formal proof and recognition of…

The Chemistry of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates (also called saccharides) are molecular compounds made from just three elements: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Monosaccharides (e.g. glucose) and disaccharides (e.g. sucrose) are relatively small molecules. They are often called sugars. Other carbohydrate molecules are very large (polysaccharides such as starch and cellulose). Carbohydrates are: a source of energy for…

Triacylglycerol Metabolism

Triacylglycerides possess a glycerol backbone, derived from either glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate or dihydroxyacetone phosphate produced in glycolysis. Esterified to the glycerol backbone are three fatty acid chains, which consist of nonpolar hydrocarbon tails that vary in their length as well as the degree of saturation. Triacylglycerol occurs in human metabolism in two roles, namely (a)as…

Cholesterol Metabolism

Cholesterol metabolism in humans is complex. Cholesterol is either supplied from the diet (exogenous) or synthesized de novo by many cells of the body (endogenous). The major factors in the diet that may increase the blood cholesterol level are high intakes of cholesterol itself, or of saturated fats and excessive calories. The liver is one of the major…

Metabolic Regulation

Metabolic regulation is the physiological mechanism by which the body takes in nutrients and delivers energy as required. Metabolic regulation works ultimately at a molecular level, mainly by modulation of enzyme activities that function together as a whole system to sense the balance of energy coming in and energy required. The different organs in the…

Basic Knowledge of RNA

Ribonucleic acid, or RNA is one of the three major biological macromolecules that are essential for all known forms of life (along with DNA and proteins). A central tenet of molecular biology states that the flow of genetic information in a cell is from DNA through RNA to proteins: “DNA makes RNA makes protein”. Proteins are…

Lipid Metabolism , Steroids and Bile Acid

Lipid metabolism is the synthesis and degradation of lipids in cells, involving the breakdown or storage of fats for energy and the synthesis of structural and functional lipids, such as those involved in the construction of cell membranes. In animals, these fats are obtained from food or are synthesized by the liver. Free…

Analytical Techniques of Biotechnology

Biotechnology is an emerging field that allows scientists to use analytical techniques to study the structure and function of biomolecules. Protein purification is an all but mandatory step for studying macromolecules, but this task is not necessarily easy. Several experimental methods, deductive logic, and even a little bit of…