RNA Translation and Protein Synthesis

  • Instructor: Peter Beck
  • Lectures: 4
  • Students: 2007
  • Duration: 10 weeks

Translation is the process by which a protein is synthesized from the information contained in a molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA). During translation, an mRNA sequence is read using the genetic code, which is a set of rules that defines how an mRNA sequence is to be translated into the 20-letter code of amino acids, which are the building blocks of proteins. The genetic code is a set of three-letter combinations of nucleotides called codons, each of which corresponds with a specific amino acid or stop signal. Translation occurs in a structure called the ribosome, which is a factory for the synthesis of proteins. The ribosome has a small and a large subunit and is a complex molecule composed of several ribosomal RNA molecules and a number of proteins. Translation of an mRNA molecule by the ribosome occurs in three stages: initiation, elongation, and termination. During initiation, the small ribosomal subunit binds to the start of the mRNA sequence. Then a transfer RNA (tRNA) molecule carrying the amino acid methionine binds to what is called the start codon of the mRNA sequence. The start codon in all mRNA molecules has the sequence AUG and codes for methionine. Next, the large ribosomal subunit binds to form the complete initiation complex. During the elongation stage, the ribosome continues to translate each codon in turn. Each corresponding amino acid is added to the growing chain and linked via a bond called a peptide bond. Elongation continues until all of the codons are read. Lastly, termination occurs when the ribosome reaches a stop codon (UAA, UAG, and UGA). Since there are no tRNA molecules that can recognize these codons, the ribosome recognizes that translation is complete. The new protein is then released, and the translation complex comes apart.

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Audience

This course by Academy Europe aims at imparting quality education and training to students.

Academy Europe is dedicated to its students, their specific learning requirements, and their overall learning success.

This course is directed toward a student-centered, independent study, asynchronous learning approach.

After completing this course on Academy Europe, students will get self improvement  and promotion in their careers.

This course is based on at least two learning skills which are provided  to the users through audio & visuals, videos, verbal presentations and articles, all of which are asynchronized with distance education approach.



Prerequisites

Before you start proceeding with this course on Academy Europe, we are assuming that you have a good aptitude and can think logically. You should want to try something different.

Ideal candidates for the course would typically possess:

– Discipline and attentiveness

– Ability to conduct research

– Ability to perform tasks with speed, efficiency, and accuracy

– Analytical judgment

– Patience to interpret technical/scientific data

– A willingness to learn, roll up your sleeves and work toward your dream!

– A computer, tablet or smartphone and an internet connection

– Basic computer skills


  • Protein Synthesis (Translation of Messenger RNA) 0/1

  • Regulation of Protein Synthesis 0/1

  • Review Test 0/1

  • Completion of Course 0/1

Price

Free