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Software Architecture Design

Software Architecture typically refers to the bigger structures of a software system, and it deals with how multiple software processes cooperate to carry out their tasks. Software Design refers to the smaller structures and it deals with the internal design of a single software process. By the end of this tutorial, the readers…

International Business Management

International Business is a subject that teaches how to nurture a local business and make it global. It explains the business practices and strategies required to succeed in international markets. In this tutorial, it has been our endeavor to cover the multidimensional aspects of International Business in an easy-to-understand manner.…

Simple Object Access Protocol

Simple Object Access Protocol, SOAP is an open-standard, XML-based messaging protocol for exchanging information among computers. This is a brief course that introduces the readers to the fundamentals of SOAP before moving on to explain its various elements, encoding, and how SOAP is transported. Audience This course has been prepared…

Service Oriented Architecture

The Service Oriented Architecture is an architectural design which includes collection of services in a network which communicate with each other. The complication of each service is not noticeable to other service. Audience This course is designed for software programmers who would like to understand the concepts of SOA. This…

Programming Methodologies

When programs are developed to solve real-life problems like inventory management, payroll processing, student admissions, examination result processing, etc., they tend to be huge and complex. Programming Methodology is the approach to analyzing such complex problems by planning the software development and controlling the development process. In this course, we…

Human Resource Management -Released in 2021

Human Resource Management is an operation in companies, designed to maximize employee performance in order to meet the employer’s strategic goals and objectives. It is a process of recruiting, selecting employees, providing proper orientation, induction and training and developing skills. This is a brief introductory tutorial that explains the methodologies…

Forex Trading – New

Forex Market is an exciting place. The one good thing about entering into the forex market is that you can trade anytime as per your convenience. The forex market is enormous in size and is the largest market with millions of participants. Hundreds of thousands of individuals (like us), money…

Nuclear Engineering

Nuclear engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the application of breaking down atomic nuclei (fission) or of combining atomic nuclei (fusion), or with the application of other sub-atomic processes based on the principles of nuclear physics. In the sub-field of nuclear fission, it particularly includes the design, interaction,…

Forex Trading

Forex Market is an exciting place. The one good thing about entering into the forex market is that you can trade anytime as per your convenience. The forex market is enormous in size and is the largest market with millions of participants. Hundreds of thousands of individuals (like us), money…

Parallel Computer Architecture

Parallel Computer Architecture is the method of organizing all the resources to maximize the performance and the programmability within the limits given by technology and the cost at any instance of time. It adds a new dimension in the development of computer system by using more and more number of…

Competitive Dance

Competitive dance is a sport where dancers compete by performing dances in a number of permitted dance styles like tap, lyrical, jazz, acro, ballet, hip-hop, contemporary, modern etc. before a common group of judges. In this tutorial, we will discuss about dancing in the competitive perspective, its various competitions, awards,…

Theano in Python

Theano is a Python library that lets you define mathematical expressions used in Machine Learning, optimize these expressions and evaluate those very efficiently by decisively using GPUs in critical areas. It can rival typical full C-implementations in most of the cases. Audience This course by Academy Europe is designed to…

Human Resource Management

Human Resource Management is an operation in companies, designed to maximize employee performance in order to meet the employer’s strategic goals and objectives. It is a process of recruiting, selecting employees, providing proper orientation, induction and training and developing skills. This is a brief introductory tutorial that explains the methodologies…

Parallel Algorithm

A parallel algorithm can be executed simultaneously on many different processing devices and then combined together to get the correct result. Parallel algorithms are highly useful in processing huge volumes of data in quick time. This tutorial provides an introduction to the design and analysis of parallel algorithms. In addition,…

Competitive Climbing

Competitive climbing, also known as Comp, is a competitive sport where the players climb artificial walls that resemble natural rock formations. This sport is mostly played in indoor courts on artificial walls. The rules of the competition vary based on different categories. This tutorial will let you know about various aspects…

TensorFlow in Machine Learning

TensorFlow is an open source machine learning framework for all developers. It is used for implementing machine learning and deep learning applications. To develop and research on fascinating ideas on artificial intelligence, Google team created TensorFlow. TensorFlow is designed in Python programming language, hence it is considered an easy to…

Computer Operating System

An operating system (OS) is a collection of software that manages computer hardware resources and provides common services for computer programs. The operating system is a vital component of the system software in a computer system. This tutorial will take you through step by step approach while learning Operating System…


Carrom, known as the ‘strike and pocket’ board game and believed to have an Eastern origin, has gained popularity across the globe. It is played for recreation and also competitively at a professional level. This tutorial explains the basics of carrom, the rules governing the game, and how to play…

Scikit in Machine Learning

Scikit-learn (Sklearn) is the most useful and robust library for machine learning in Python. It provides a selection of efficient tools for machine learning and statistical modeling including classification, regression, clustering and dimensionality reduction via a consistence interface in Python. This library, which is largely written in Python, is built…

Sale Management

If we are to go by the reports of the best psychologists in the world, people who change their behaviour according to the circumstances always portray a behaviour consistent to their surroundings. It is mostly applicable to a sales manager though, because he needs to have a constant communication with…

Front Office Management

Front Office Management in the hotel industry involves the work of reserving accommodations in the hotel, registering guests, maintaining guest accounts with the hotel, night auditing, and coordination with various other departments for providing best guest services. This tutorial teaches the basic terms related to the front office department of…

Problem Solving

Increasingly complex society structure, technological developments, political, social and economic crises compare individuals and organizations with problem situations. This is what we constantly encounter in our daily life and professional business life. we need to strive to solve problems quickly and effectively. Individual this is our happiness, our professional career,…
Object Oriented Analysis & Design

Object Oriented Analysis & Design

This tutorial will help you understand the basics of object-oriented analysis and design along with its associated terminologies. Audience This tutorial has been designed to help beginners. After completing this tutorial, you will find yourself at a moderate level of expertise from where you can take yourself to next levels.…

Network Theory

This tutorial is meant to provide the readers the know-how to analyze and solve any electric circuit or network. After completing this tutorial, you will understand the laws and methods that can be applied to specific electric circuits and networks. Audience This tutorial is meant for all the readers who…

Mobile Computing

Mobile Computing is a technology that allows transmission of data, voice and video via a computer or any other wireless enabled device without having to be connected to a fixed physical link. This tutorial will give an overview of Mobile Computing and then it will take you through how it…


A microprocessor is a controlling unit of a micro-computer, fabricated on a small chip capable of performing Arithmetic Logical Unit (ALU) operations and communicating with the other devices connected to it. In this tutorial, we will discuss the architecture, pin diagram and other key concepts of microprocessors. Audience This tutorial…

Management Information System

Management Information System (MIS) is a planned system of collecting, storing, and disseminating data in the form of information needed to carry out the functions of management. This tutorial covers the concepts related to information and provides a detailed coverage on MIS and other major enterprise-level systems. You will also learn how…

Java Digital Image Processing

Digital Image Processing (DIP) deals with manipulation of digital images using a digital computer. This tutorial gives a simple and practical approach of implementing algorithms used in digital image processing. After completing this tutorial, you should find yourself at a moderate level of expertise, from where you should be able…

Internet Protocol Version 6

Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the latest revision of the Internet Protocol (IP) and the first version of the protocol to be widely deployed. IPv6 was developed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) to deal with the long-anticipated problem of IPv4 address exhaustion. This tutorial will help you…

Internet Technologies

Internet refers to network of networks. In this network each computer is recognized by a globally unique address known as IP address. A special computer DNS (Domain Name Server) is used to give name to the IP Address so that user can locate a computer by a name. Certification Academy…

Internet of Things (IoT)

IoT (Internet of Things) is an advanced automation and analytics system which exploits networking, sensing, big data, and artificial intelligence technology to deliver complete systems for a product or service. These systems allow greater transparency, control, and performance when applied to any industry or system. IoT systems have applications across…

Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans. Free Certification Academy Europe presents…


Canoeing is a sport in which the racers use a canoe and paddle it using a single blade. The boat used in this sport is pointed at both ends and one or more paddlers propel it in water. This tutorial has been designed to provide a basic knowledge about Canoeing.…


SAP Business Warehouse (BW) powered by SAP HANA refers to using BW software suite on top of HANA database. This functionality explores all the key features of HANA database technologies and uses BW as a modeling tool for data modeling and analytical reporting. BW software supports various databases like Oracle,…


Pybrain is an open-source library for Machine learning implemented using python. The library offers you some easy to use training algorithms for networks, datasets, trainers to train and test the network. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and e-certificates which are formal proof and recognition of accredited…

Human Computer Interface

This course by Academy Europe provides the basic knowledge on human computer interface and designing. It also throws a light on the current tools and practices and the future aspects of HCI designing. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and e-certificates which are formal proof and…

The Chemistry of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates (also called saccharides) are molecular compounds made from just three elements: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Monosaccharides (e.g. glucose) and disaccharides (e.g. sucrose) are relatively small molecules. They are often called sugars. Other carbohydrate molecules are very large (polysaccharides such as starch and cellulose). Carbohydrates are: a source of energy for…

Testing Techniques of Signal Harmonics CEI IEC 61000-4-13

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-13: Testing and measurement techniques – Harmonics and interharmonics including mains signalling at a.c. power port, low frequency immunity tests. Defines the immunity test methods and range of recommended basic test levels for electrical and electronic equipment with rated current up to 16 A per…

Triacylglycerol Metabolism

Triacylglycerides possess a glycerol backbone, derived from either glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate or dihydroxyacetone phosphate produced in glycolysis. Esterified to the glycerol backbone are three fatty acid chains, which consist of nonpolar hydrocarbon tails that vary in their length as well as the degree of saturation. Triacylglycerol occurs in human metabolism in two roles, namely (a)as…

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems. This is the foundation for data communication for the World Wide Web (i.e. internet) since 1990. HTTP is a generic and stateless protocol which can be used for other purposes as well using extensions of…

Aerospace Series Assembly Recommendations DIN 65900

Aerospace series; fluid fittings, flanged; assembly recommendations; identical with AECMA-Technical Report TR 3634:1993 Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and e-certificates which are formal proof and recognition of accredited online courses. It shows all student’s abilities to learn and achieve high results and is very useful to…

Machine Learning in Artificial Intelligence

Today’s Artificial Intelligence (AI) has far surpassed the hype of blockchain and quantum computing. The developers now take advantage of this in creating new Machine Learning models and to re-train the existing models for better performance and results. This course by Academy Europe will give an introduction to machine learning…

Cholesterol Metabolism

Cholesterol metabolism in humans is complex. Cholesterol is either supplied from the diet (exogenous) or synthesized de novo by many cells of the body (endogenous). The major factors in the diet that may increase the blood cholesterol level are high intakes of cholesterol itself, or of saturated fats and excessive calories. The liver is one of the major…

Graph Theory IT

This course by Academy Europe offers a brief introduction to the fundamentals of graph theory. Written in a reader-friendly style, it covers the types of graphs, their properties, trees, graph traversability, and the concepts of coverings, coloring, and matching. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and…

Entrepreneurship Skills Management

Many industry observers have debated on the origin of entrepreneurship. The fact to note here is that most scholars who debate the origin of entrepreneurship are either economists or historians. The common forum accepts that the concept entrepreneur is derived from the French concept entreprendre, which matches closely with the English…

Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) Procedure IEC 60812

IEC 60812:2018 explains how failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA), including the failure modes, effects and criticality analysis (FMECA) variant, is planned, performed, documented and maintained. The purpose of failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) is to establish how items or processes might fail to perform their function so that…

Logistic Regression in Python

Logistic Regression is a statistical method of classification of objects. In this tutorial, we will focus on solving binary classification problem using logistic regression technique. This course by Academy Europe also presents a case study that will let you learn how to code and apply Logistic Regression in Python.…

Functional Programming of Computer

Functional programming languages are specially designed to handle symbolic computation and list processing applications. Functional programming is based on mathematical functions. Some of the popular functional programming languages include: Lisp, Python, Erlang, Haskell, Clojure, etc. This course by Academy Europe provides a brief overview of the most fundamental concepts…

Metabolic Regulation

Metabolic regulation is the physiological mechanism by which the body takes in nutrients and delivers energy as required. Metabolic regulation works ultimately at a molecular level, mainly by modulation of enzyme activities that function together as a whole system to sense the balance of energy coming in and energy required. The different organs in the…

Bull Riding Rodeo Sport

Bull riding is a rodeo sport which involves the rider riding a bull and trying to mount on it for a specific duration of time, while the bull tries to buck-off the rider. According to the American tradition, the rider has to stay mounted on the bull for eight seconds,…

Letter Symbols for Physical Quantities DIN 1304

This Standard is included in DIN Handbook 202. In conjunction with DIN 1304 Part 1, specifies letter symbols for quantities specific to fluid mechanics. Letter symbols specified in DIN 1304 Part 1 have been included here only as far as their meaning differs or has been restricted. Free Certification Academy…

Elasticsearch Information Technology

Elasticsearch is a real-time distributed and open source full-text search and analytics engine. It is used in Single Page Application (SPA) projects. Elasticsearch is an open source developed in Java and used by many big organizations around the world. It is licensed under the Apache license version 2.0. In this…

Mechanical Engineering Basics

One of the most diverse and versatile engineering fields, mechanical engineering is the study of objects and systems in motion. As such, the field of mechanical engineering touches virtually every aspect of modern life, including the human body, a highly complex machine. The role of a mechanical engineer is to…

KNIME Graphical Interface Machine Learning

KNIME provides a graphical interface for development. The introduction of KNIME has brought the development of Machine Learning models in the purview of a common man. This course by Academy Europe will teach you how to master the data analytics using several well-tested ML algorithms. Free Certification Academy Europe…

Basic Knowledge of RNA

Ribonucleic acid, or RNA is one of the three major biological macromolecules that are essential for all known forms of life (along with DNA and proteins). A central tenet of molecular biology states that the flow of genetic information in a cell is from DNA through RNA to proteins: “DNA makes RNA makes protein”. Proteins are…

Entrepreneurship Development

Entrepreneurship Development is a practice meant to improve entrepreneurial skills among people. In other words, it is the inculcation, advancement, and grooming of entrepreneurial skills into a person needed to establish and successfully run an enterprise. Entrepreneurship Development provides people the required encouragement and business skill to help them…

Limitation of Emission of Harmonic Currents CEI IEC 61000-3-4

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 3-4: Limits – Limitation of emission of harmonic currents in low-voltage power supply systems for equipment with rated current greater than 16 A. The recommendations of this technical report are applicable to electrical and electronic equipment with a rated input current exceeding 16 A per…

SAP Business Workflow

SAP Business Workflows are predefined in SAP R/3 system. It is a key component of SAP system wherein they help design the business processes – it can be a simple release or a complex repeated business process, such as creating a material master, etc. This is a brief tutorial that…

Python Deep Learning

Python is a general-purpose high level programming language that is widely used in data science and for producing deep learning algorithms. This brief course by Academy Europe introduces Python and its libraries like Numpy, Scipy, Pandas, Matplotlib; frameworks like Theano, TensorFlow, Keras. The tutorial explains how the different libraries…

Lipid Metabolism , Steroids and Bile Acid

Lipid metabolism is the synthesis and degradation of lipids in cells, involving the breakdown or storage of fats for energy and the synthesis of structural and functional lipids, such as those involved in the construction of cell membranes. In animals, these fats are obtained from food or are synthesized by the liver. Free…

Extreme Programming Software

Extreme programming (XP) is a software development methodology, which is intended to improve software quality and responsiveness to changing customer requirements. As a type of agile software development, it advocates frequent “releases” in short development cycles, to improve productivity and introduce checkpoints at which new customer requirements can be adopted.…

CEI IEC 61000-4-9 Pulse Magnetic Field Immunity Test

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-9: Testing and measurement techniques – Impulse magnetic field immunity test. IEC 61000-4-9:2016 is available as IEC 61000-4-9:2016 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition. IEC 61000-4-9:2016 specifies the immunity requirements, test…

Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Sport

Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is a form of martial arts. It requires not only physical strength, but also presence of mind to dominate your opponent in the field. Many years of practice is required with consistency to become a black or blue belt champion in this game. Though the “How to…

H2O Machine Learning

H2O is an open source Machine Learning framework with full-tested implementations of several widely-accepted ML algorithms. You just have to pick up the algorithm from its huge repository and apply it to your dataset. It contains the most widely used statistical and ML algorithms. H2O provides an easy-to-use open…

Software Development Estimation Techniques

Estimation techniques are of utmost importance in software development life cycle, where the time required to complete a particular task is estimated before a project begins. Estimation is the process of finding an estimate, or approximation, which is a value that can be used for some purpose even if input…

Analytical Techniques of Biotechnology

Biotechnology is an emerging field that allows scientists to use analytical techniques to study the structure and function of biomolecules. Protein purification is an all but mandatory step for studying macromolecules, but this task is not necessarily easy. Several experimental methods, deductive logic, and even a little bit of…

Convolutional Architecture Learning Framework

In this course by Academy Europe, we will learn how to use a deep learning framework named Caffe2 (Convolutional Architecture for Fast Feature Embedding). Moreover, we will understand the difference between traditional machine learning and deep learning, what are the new features in Caffe2 as compared to Caffe and the installation…

Employee Onboarding Management

Employee Onboarding is one of the most important aspects of Human Resource Management. A perfect onboarding of an employee makes him/her a loyal asset and helps in maintaining the retention rate of the employees in an organization. In this course by Academy Europe, we will discuss the various nuances of…

Artificial Intelligence with Python

Artificial intelligence is the intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the intelligence displayed by humans. This course by Academy Europe covers the basic concepts of various fields of artificial intelligence like Artificial Neural Networks, Natural Language Processing, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, Genetic algorithms etc., and its implementation in…

EMC Measurement Techniques IEC 61000-4-8

IEC 61000-4-8:2009 RLV contains the International Standard and its Redline version. The Redline version provides you with a quick and easy way to compare all the changes between this standard and its previous edition. The Redline version is not an official IEC Standard, only the current version of the standard…


Physiology is the science of life. It is the branch of biology that aims to understand the mechanisms of living things, from the basis of cell function at the ionic and molecular level to the integrated behaviour of the whole body and the influence of the external environment. Research…

Docker Container Service Technology

This course by Academy Europe explains the various aspects of the Docker Container service. Starting with the basics of Docker which focuses on the installation and configuration of Docker, it gradually moves on to advanced topics such as Networking and Registries. The last few chapters of this course cover the…

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)

Deoxyribonucleic Acid – Structure, Organization and Various Types of DNA. The chemical structure that carries an individual’s genetic information is called DNA. In this course by Academy Europe, you will learn about the structure, organization, and types of DNA. For examinations, the phases of the cell cycle are of great…

Embedded Systems

We can broadly define an embedded system as a microcontroller-based, software-driven, reliable, real-time control system, designed to perform a specific task. It can be thought of as a computer hardware system having software embedded in it. An embedded system can be either an independent system or a part of a…

SAP Business Planning and Consolidation

SAP Business Planning and Consolidation (BPC) tool helps to automate and streamline business forecast, planning, and consolidation activities in an organization. It is used to support all operational and financial activities in an organization. Using SAP BPC, it also becomes easier to use reporting tools. This course by Academy Europe…


Pathology is a branch of medical science that involves the study and diagnosis of disease through the examination of surgically removed organs, tissues (biopsy samples), bodily fluids, and in some cases the whole body (autopsy). Aspects of a bodily specimen that may be considered include its gross anatomical make up,…

Boxing Sport

Boxing requires a lot of self-discipline, high tolerance level, courage, and unique defensive expertise. This tutorial explains the fundamentals of boxing, such as when it all began, moves and strategies, information on basic boxing gear, and the types of boxing. It also provides information on the various tournaments held along…

Employee Engagement

Employee engagement is critical. Highly productive organizations have understood this fact a long ago where mediocre and low performing organizations have just started taking it seriously. It makes sense to engage employees and make them find a meaning in what they do. Employee Engagement can also be used in directing…


E-Commerce or Electronics Commerce is a methodology of modern business, which addresses the requirements of business organizations. It can be broadly defined as the process of buying or selling of goods or services using an electronic medium such as the Internet. This course by Academy Europe takes adopts a simple…

Bioseparations Engineering

Bioseparations engineering refers to the systematic study of the scientific and engineering principles utilized for large-scale purification of biological products: biopharmaceuticals, biochemicals, foods, nutraceuticals and diagnostic reagents. Bioseparations engineering, both as an academic topic as well as an industrial practice has undergone significant growth and increase in importance in the…

Gene Expression Transcription and Translation

Transcription and translation convert a gene into protein. During this process, the genetic information of a gene, the DNA, is converted into RNA so that protein may be realized later on. This course by Academy Europe will provide you with exam-related information regarding this process, thus preparing you ideally for…

Earned Value Management (EVM)

Earned Value Management (EVM) is a technique that is used to track the progress and status of a project and forecast its likely future performance. This is a brief tutorial by Academy Europe that acquaints the reader with the basics of EVM and explains how to utilize it for…

SAP BO Analysis

Analysis Edition for OLAP, the business intelligence reporting tool, is a part of SAP BusinessObjects product suite. This is a handy tool for business users for analytical and ad hoc reporting. Using this tool, business users can create basic, medium, and complex reports from transactional data available in OLAP data…

Data Warehousing Computer Science

A data warehouse is constructed by integrating data from multiple heterogeneous sources. It supports analytical reporting, structured and/or ad hoc queries and decision making. This tutorial adopts a step-by-step approach to explain all the necessary concepts of data warehousing. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and…

Air Conditioning Engineering

Air conditioning (of which refrigeration is an inseparable part) has its origins in the fundamental work on thermodynamics which was done by Boyle, Carnot and others in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, but air conditioning as a science applied to practical engineering owes much to the ideas and work of…

Amino Acids and Proteins

In the human organism, proteins undertake multiple and vital functions. Structural proteins are found in each and every cellular compartment. Intracellularly, motor proteins power the energy-dependent transportation of vesicles. Signal proteins receive and transmit information. Transport and storage proteins bind, for example, oxygen, and carry it to a location where…


CloudRail is an API integration solution that speeds up the process of integrating third-party APIs into an application and maintaining them. It does so by providing libraries for multiple platforms featuring abstraction layers that combine similar services behind a common interface. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas,…

Game Programming

The very first video game was built entirely out of hardware, but rapid advancements in microprocessors have changed all that. These days, video games are played on versatile PCs and specialized video game consoles that use soft ware to make it possible to off er a tremendous variety of gaming…

Engineering Mathematics

This course by Academy Europe contains most of the material covered in a typical first year mathematics course in an engineering or science programme. It devotes Chapters 1–10 to consolidating the foundations of basic algebra, elementary functions and calculus. Chapters 11–17 cover the range of more advanced topics that are…

Customer Service

Anyone who is provided with a good, product, service or idea is a customer. Customer is king because he keeps every business afloat. Whether an organization offers a product or service, it cannot remain in business if it cannot find a group of people willing to become its customers. In…

Distributed Database Management System

Distributed Database Management System (DDBMS) is a type of DBMS which manages a number of databases hoisted at diversified locations and interconnected through a computer network. It provides mechanisms so that the distribution remains oblivious to the users, who perceive the database as a single database. This course by Academy…

Gross Anatomy

Anatomy is the science of studying and understanding the structure and organization of the body. The art of medicine requires a strong foundation in the basic medical sciences, and anatomy is a keystone in that foundation. This concise review of human anatomy is designed for medical, dental, graduate, physician associate,…

Bobsleigh Sport

Bobsleigh is a winter game which involves two or four players sleighing in a specially designed track. It has been included in winter Olympics since the first winter games held in 1924. It is also termed as the most expensive winter Olympic game because of its equipment costs and the…


SAP BO Data Services (BODS) is an ETL tool used for data integration, data quality, data profiling and data processing. It allows you to integrate, transform trusted data-to-data warehouse system for analytical reporting. BO Data Services consists of a UI development interface, metadata repository, data connectivity to source and target…

Blue Prism

RPA is the process of automating routine tasks by using software robots such that these tasks are performed automatically without any human intervention. These tasks include IT management, sales operations, procurement process, data entry, data extraction, auto generation of reports, customer service operations, etc. This course by Academy Europe provides…

Software Engineering

Software engineering concerns methods and techniques to develop large software systems. The engineering metaphor is used to emphasize a systematic approach to develop systems that satisfy organizational requirements and constraints. This chapter gives a brief overview of the field and points at emerging trends that influence the way software is…

Gene Mutations and Repair Mechanisms of the Human Cell

Mutations are associated with diseases and defective genes. Mutated genes are actually the cause of many diseases, although they are also necessary. Without a permanent change in the genome, evolution is not possible, and purely static DNA would prevent any development. DNA is also the only molecule of the cell…

Customer Relationship Management

Customer Relationship Management (CRM) in a very broad way can be defined as the efforts made towards creating, developing, and maintaining a healthy and long-lasting relationship with the customers using technology. This tutorial is an introductory guide to CRM that touches upon various topics such as understanding 21st century customers and…

Discrete Mathematics

Discrete Mathematics is a branch of mathematics involving discrete elements that uses algebra and arithmetic. It is increasingly being applied in the practical fields of mathematics and computer science. It is a very good tool for improving reasoning and problem-solving capabilities. This tutorial explains the fundamental concepts of Sets, Relations and…

Engineering Drawing

Engineering drawing is a two dimensional representation of three dimensional objects. In general, it provides necessary information about the shape, size, surface quality, material, manufacturing process, etc., of the object. It is the graphic language from which a trained person can visualise objects. Drawings prepared in one country may…

Engineering Matlab Applications

Engineering MATLAB® course introduces the students to the concepts of MATLAB® tools used in the solution of advanced engineering course work followed by engineering and technology students. Every chapter of this tutorial discusses the course material used to illustrate the direct connection between the theory and real-world applications encountered in…

SAP Basis

SAP Basis refers to the administration of SAP system that includes activities like installation and configuration, load balancing, and performance of SAP applications running on Java stack and SAP ABAP. This includes the maintenance of different services related to database, operating system, application and web servers in SAP system landscape…


A blockchain is a growing list of records, called blocks, which are linked using cryptography. Each block contains a cryptographic hash of the previous block, a timestamp, and transaction data. Blockchain has been in a lot of buzz these days. And that is mainly because it is backbone of the…


This course by Academy Europe presents condensed and succinct descriptions of relevant and current Board-driven information pertaining to pharmacology without the usual associated details. It is not meant to be a substitute for the comprehensive presentation of information and difficult concepts found in standard pharmacology texts. Each chapter includes…

Consumer Behavior Management

Consumer behavior is about the approach of how people buy and the use merchandise and services. Understanding consumer behavior will assist business entities to be more practical at selling, designing, development of products or services, and every other different initiative that impacts their customers. In this tutorial, it has been…

Digital Image Processing

Digital image processing deals with manipulation of digital images through a digital computer. It is a subfield of signals and systems but focus particularly on images. DIP focuses on developing a computer system that is able to perform processing on an image. The input of that system is a digital…

Control Engineering

This course by Academy Europe introduces important concepts in the analysis and design of control systems. Readers will find it to be a clear and understandable textbook for control system courses at colleges and universities. It is written for senior electrical, mechanical, aerospace, or chemical engineering students. The reader is…

BMX Sport

BMX stands for bicycle motocross. It is a cycle sport where the players race with each other using BMX bikes. BMX includes BMX racing and freestyle BMX. The race takes place mostly in motocross tracks which are made of various jumps and rollers. This sport has got hard-core eye-catching stunts…

Risk and Safety in Civil Engineering

The present course serves as study guidance for the students taking the course on Risk and Safety in Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering. Aim of the course The aim of the present course is to provide to the students both the basic and more advanced skills and tools of…


SAP Business Explorer (BEx) provides you the set of tools to perform reporting, query analysis and to support strategic decisions. It is a complete product which provides different reporting procedures and an analysis tool to run queries and reports with SAP NetWeaver BI System. You can also use Business Explorer…

Regulation, Apoptosis, Mitosis and Replication of DNA

This course explains the semiconservative replication of DNA and the role it plays in the cell cycle. The phases of the cell cycle and mitosis (prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase), as well as the regulatory mechanisms associated with cyclins and their antagonists, are all relevant topics in medical exams. Table…

CEI IEC 61000-4-7

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-7: Testing and measurement techniques – General guide on harmonics and interharmonics measurements and instrumentation, for power supply systems and equipment connected thereto. IEC 61000-4-7:2002+A1:2008 applies to instrumentation intended for measuring spectral components in the frequency range up to 9 kHz which are superimposed on…

CEI IEC 61000-4-6

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-6: Testing and measurement techniques – Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency fields. IEC 61000-4-6:2013 relates to the conducted immunity requirements of electrical and electronic equipment to electromagnetic disturbances coming from intended radio-frequency (RF) transmitters in the frequency range 150 kHz up to 80…

CEI IEC 61000-4-5

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-5: Testing and measurement techniques – Surge immunity test. IEC 61000-4-5:2014+A1:2017 relates to the immunity requirements, test methods, and range of recommended test levels for equipment with regard to unidirectional surges caused by over-voltages from switching and lightning transients. Several test levels are defined which…

CEI IEC 61000-4-4

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-4: Testing and measurement techniques – Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test. IEC 61000-4-4:2012 RLV contains both the official IEC International Standard and its Redline version. The Redline version is not an official document, it is available in English only and provides you with a quick…

CEI IEC 61000-4-3

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-3: Testing and measurement techniques – Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test IEC 61000-4-3:2006+A1:2007+A2:2010 is applicable to the immunity requirements of electrical and electronic equipment to radiated electromagnetic energy. It establishes test levels and the required test procedures. The object of this standard is to…

CEI IEC 61000-4-2

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-2: Testing and measurement techniques – Electrostatic discharge immunity test IEC 61000-4-2:2008 relates to the immunity requirements and test methods for electrical and electronic equipment subjected to static electricity discharges, from operators directly, and from personnel to adjacent objects. It additionally defines ranges of test…

CEI IEC 61000-4-12

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-12: Testing and measurement techniques – Ring wave immunity test IEC 61000-4-12:2017 relates to the immunity requirements and test methods for electrical and electronic equipment, under operational conditions, to ring waves occurring in low-voltage power, control and signal lines supplied by public and non-public networks.…

CEI IEC 61000-4-11

International Standard IEC 61000-4-11 has been prepared by subcommittee 77A: Low frequency phenomena, of IEC technical committee 77: Electromagnetic compatibility. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 1994 and its amendment 1 (2000). This second edition constitutes a technical revision in which 1) preferred test values…

CEI IEC 61000-4-10

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-10: Testing and measurement techniques – Damped oscillatory magnetic field immunity test IEC 61000-4-10:2016 specifies the immunity requirements, test methods, and range of recommended test levels for equipment subjected to damped oscillatory magnetic disturbances related to medium voltage and high voltage sub-stations. This second edition…

CEI IEC 61000-4-1

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-1: Testing and measurement techniques – Overview of IEC 61000-4 series. IEC TR 61000-4-1:2016(E) gives information and guidance on the EMC basic standards and other basic EMC documents published in the IEC 61000-4 series. Those basic standards describe mainly immunity tests to be considered and…

CEI IEC 61000-3-8

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 3: Limits – Section 8: Signalling on low-voltage electrical installations – Emission levels, frequency bands and electromagnetic disturbance levels Applies to electrical equipment using signals in the frequency range from 3 kHz up to 525 kHz to transmit information on low-voltage electrical installations, either on…

CEI IEC 61000-3-2

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 3-2: Limits – Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current ≤16 A per phase) IEC 61000-3-2:2018 deals with the limitation of harmonic currents injected into the public supply system. It specifies limits of harmonic components of the input current which can be produced by…

IEC 61000-3-3

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 3-3: Limits – Limitation of voltage changes, voltage fluctuations and flicker in public low-voltage supply systems, for equipment with rated current ≤16 A per phase and not subject to conditional connection IEC 61000-3-3:2013 is concerned with the limitation of voltage fluctuations and flicker impressed on…

Digital Circuits

This course by Academy Europe is meant to provide the readers to know how to analyze and implement the combinational circuits and sequential circuits. Based on the requirement, we can use either combinational circuit or sequential circuit or combination of both. After completing this course, you will be able to…

IEC 60034-1

IEC 60034-1 Course presents standard of rotating electrical machines and their rating and performance. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and e-certificates which are formal proof and recognition of accredited online courses. It shows all student’s abilities to learn and achieve high results and is very useful…

NASA System Engineering

This course by Academy Europe is intended to provide general guidance and information on systems engineering that will be useful to the NASA community. It provides a generic description of Systems Engineering (SE) as it should be applied throughout NASA. A goal of the handbook is to increase awareness and…

SAP Ariba

SAP Ariba is a cloud-based Procurement solution to perform business transactions on a single platform. It can be easily integrated with other SAP ERP products without using middleware and can be customized as per business requirements. Ariba provides out of box functionality to buyers and suppliers to do business and to…


The bitcoins course by Academy Europe begins by introducing what bitcoins are, then proceeds with the installation of the bitcoin client software and wallets to make bitcoins transactions possible. It also discusses bitcoin mining, exchanges, and trading. Finally, it moves on to applications and future of bitcoins. After attending this…

ISO 45001 Occupational Health and Safety Management

ISO 45001 Occupational Health and Safety Management sets out the minimum requirements for occupational health and safety management best practice. Work with us to bring ISO 45001 into your business and you can achieve the maximum return for your employees, your operations and your customers. Are you ready for health and…

Apache Flink

Apache Flink is the open source, native analytic database for Apache Hadoop. It is shipped by vendors such as Cloudera, MapR, Oracle, and Amazon. The examples provided in this course by Academy Europe have been developing using Cloudera Apache Flink. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates…

Energy, Enzymes and Metabolism

Metabolism is the sum of both catabolism (pathways that break down molecules for generation of cellular energy) and anabolism (pathways that build macromolecules using cellular energy). Here, we will discuss metabolism with regards to the Laws of Thermodynamics, Enzymology, and go over some of the major metabolic pathways utilized by…

Database Management System

Database Management System or DBMS in short refers to the technology of storing and retrieving user data with most efficiency along with appropriate security measures. This course by Academy Europe explains the basics of DBMS such as its architecture, data models, data schemas, data independence, E-R model, relation model, relational database design,…

Biological Membranes

Biological Membranes are comprised of phospholipid bilayers that are formed when the nonpolar tails of glycerophospholipids and sphingolipids interact with each other in a way that exposes their polar head groups to the aqueous extracellular environment. We will discuss how this thermodynamically driven formation is dictated by the hydrophobic effect…


Billiards is a game that can be compared to the game of carom. In this game cue is used as a striker and balls are to be put into the pockets. The course by Academy Europe lets you know about the game, its rules, and the method of playing.…

DIN 12878

DIN 12878 : Electrical laboratory equipment; adjustable liquid-in-glass contact thermometers and control devices; general and safety requirements, testing STANDARD by Deutsches Institut Fur Normung E.V. (German National Standard), 12/01/1980 Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and e-certificates which are formal proof and recognition of accredited online courses. It shows…


Biochemistry is the study of life from a chemical perspective and asks how living organisms arose from biomolecules that are lifeless. These biomolecules can be isolated from organisms and examined individually, and they conform to both the chemical and physical laws that govern inanimate matter. A biochemist studies the properties…


This standard is applicable to high-voltage cables. It is intended to give guidance in the selection of the conductor size, insulation level and construction of cable to be used on three-phase alternating current systems operating at voltages exceeding 1 kV. It also summarizes the information which is necessary to enable…

DIN 10753

Analysis of honey – Determination of electrical conductivity German title: Untersuchung von Honig – Bestimmung der elektrischen Leitfähigkeit Publication date: 2000-12 Accessibility: Original language German DIN, the German Institute for Standardization, is the independent platform for standardization in Germany and worldwide. What is a standard? A standard is a document that specifies…

Metabolic Regulation

Integration of cellular metabolism is controlled by insulin and the opposing actions of glucagon and epinephrine. When food is available in abundance, or when the body needs to make stored energy available, changes in the circulating levels of these hormones allow the body to respond accordingly. This discussion of metabolic…

RNA Basic Knowledge

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule, which is implicated in different biological roles such as coding, decoding, expression of genes and regulation. Biological reactions within cells are catalyzed by some RNA molecules, which control gene expression and communicate responses to cellular signals. The structure of RNA is similar to…

Analytical Techniques in Biotechnology

Biotechnology is an emerging field that allows scientists to use analytical techniques to study the structure and function of biomolecules. Protein purification is an all but mandatory step for studying macromolecules, but this task is not necessarily easy. Several experimental methods, deductive logic, and even a little bit of luck…


SAP Advanced Planning and Optimization (SAP APO) is one of the key modules in SAP SCM, and controls Supply Network Planning, Spare Parts Planning, TP/VS and Demand Planning in Supply Chain process. It helps the organization to manage their supply chain process in a dynamic environment. SAP APO is a…

Lipid Metabolism

Lipid metabolism is the process by which lipids are synthesized and degraded in cells. In this course, important lipids discussed are bile salts, cholesterols, steroids, and ketone bodies. Also covered in this course are the structures and functions of these types of lipids. The biosynthesis and metabolism of these lipid…

AS/EN 9100 series Aviation-Space-Defence

Navigate the many regulations of the aerospace industry and achieve full compliance with AS9100 (BS EN 9100) for aerospace system and management.   This is the industry-recognised standard of quality and risk management. Put safety and reliability first and follow the example of the world’s leading aerospace companies in safety…

OHSAS 18001:2007

This course gives an overview of OHSAS 18001 and how this standard can help increase health and safety conformity within your organisation and reduce the number of incidents. OHSAS 1800:2007 Occupational, Health and Safety Management Certification is an international standard which provides a framework to identify, control and decrease the…

Google Tag Manager

Google Tag Manager is the next big thing in the Digital Marketing world. For any product marketer, it becomes a task to achieve efficient data from the product blog/website. When it comes to the data, there are multiple product marketing tools available. To handle these tools, Google Tag Manager provides…


Histology is the study of the microanatomy of cells, tissues, and organs as seen through a microscope. It examines the correlation between structure and function. Histology, also known as microscopic anatomy or microanatomy, is the branch of biology which studies the microscopic anatomy of biological tissues. Histology is the microscopic counterpart to…

Cell Biology

Cell biology is the study of cell structure and function, and it revolves around the concept that the cell is the fundamental unit of life. Focusing on the cell permits a detailed understanding of the tissues and organisms that cells compose. Some organisms have only one cell, while others are…

Biathlon Sport

Biathlon requires the art of shooting while skiing with perfect coordination of body. This is an Olympic sport and it is played in many countries. This course by Academy Europe will teach you the basic levels of playing the game. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates…


Embryology is the discipline concerned with the study of embryogenesis, the development of the embryo from a fertilised egg cell. Findings in embryology have helped in the understanding of congenital abnormalities and developing assisted reproduction procedures. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and e-certificates which are…

Data Structure and Algorithms

Data Structures are the programmatic way of storing data so that data can be used efficiently. Almost every enterprise application uses various types of data structures in one or the other way. This course by Academy Europe will give you a great understanding on Data Structures needed to understand the…


ISO 22000:2018 sets out the requirements for a food safety management system and can be certified to. It maps out what an organization needs to do to demonstrate its ability to control food safety hazards in order to ensure that food is safe. It can be used by any organization regardless…

Collaborative Management

Collaborative management can be broadly seen as the act of working together as a team to accomplish a common goal within a given timeframe. This is a brief introductory course by Academy Europe that explains the methodologies applied in the rapidly growing area of collaborative management. Free Certification Academy…

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular biology and genetics study organisms on a cellular and molecular level. This is a rapidly developing field of biological sciences which has many important applications not only in biomedical sciences, but also in other domains such as agriculture. The study of living things at molecular and genetic levels have…


ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming), is a fourth-generation programming language, used for development and customization purposes in the SAP software. Currently positioned along with Java, as the main language for SAP application server programming, most of the programs are executed under the control of the run-time system. This course by…

Apache Camel

Apache Camel is an open source framework that provides rule-based routing and mediation engine. Apache Camel essentially provides an implementation of various EIPs. It makes integration easier by providing connectivity to a very large variety of transports and APIs. For example, you can easily route JMS to JSON, JSON to…

Beach Volleyball Sport

Beach volleyball is a fun sport played on the beach. The game seems simple by its rules but it can be quite a challenging game while playing. It requires constant attention from the players to move the ball across the net towards their opponent’s team. Though the “How to play”…


This  diploma course offers you a series of lectures on the major of biochemistry. The topics discussed include peptides and proteins, as well as enzymes and non-enzymatic protein functions. Some of the topics addressed in this course are: Amino Acids Protein Chemistry of Carbohydrates Chemistry of Lipids Biological Membranes DNA…

Protein Structure and Function

Proteins are complex biomolecules that serve a number of essential functions related to the formation, function, and regulation of the body’s cells, tissues, and organs. Proteins play many important biological roles as enzymes, hormones, antibodies, and structural components of cells. Carrier proteins assist in the transport of substances within the…

Data Mining

Data Mining is defined as the procedure of extracting information from huge sets of data. In other words, we can say that data mining is mining knowledge from data. The course by Academy Europe starts off with a basic overview and the terminologies involved in data mining and then gradually…

ISO 10001:2018 Quality Management

ISO 10001:2018 Quality management — Customer satisfaction — Guidelines for codes of conduct for organizations This document gives guidelines for planning, designing, developing, implementing, maintaining and improving customer satisfaction codes of conduct. This document is applicable to product- and service-related codes containing promises made to customers by an organization concerning…

Organic Chemistry

The goal of the lectures is to go beyond memorizing facts. Learn about addition reactions, oxidation, nomenclature and amide formation through high quality video lectures, supported by a myriad of high-yield, interactive quizzes, topic reviews, clinical pearls and mnemonics. This course will cover all of the following, essential concepts of…


Ansible is simple open source IT engine which automates application deployment, intra service orchestration, cloud provisioning and many other IT tools. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and e-certificates which are formal proof and recognition of accredited online courses. It shows all student’s abilities to learn…

Coaching and Mentoring

Mentoring is the act of identifying and nurturing potential areas of improvement in an individual. This could be a short-term action plan targeted towards a specific goal in mind, like career growth, higher learning, or could be a life-long process of improvement. The goals and processes are always set here by…

SAP Crystal Reports

SAP Crystal Reports is a business intelligence tool helps in generating reports from SAP as well as non-SAP data sources. Knowledge of this tool is a plus for managers and business leaders who can generate quality advanced level reports which will help them in making better strategic decisions. This course…

Basketball Sport

Basketball is a team sport played by two teams of five players each. It is played on a rectangular court. The players try to score by shooting a ball through a hoop elevated 10 feet above the ground. This course by Academy Europe covers the very basics of how to…

Computer Network

Data communications refers to the transmission of this digital data between two or more computers and a computer network or data network is a telecommunications network that allows computers to exchange data. The physical connection between networked computing devices is established using either cable media or wireless media. The best-known…

ISO 9001:2018

ISO 9004:2018 gives guidelines for enhancing an organization’s ability to achieve sustained success. This guidance is consistent with the quality management principles given in ISO 9000:2015. ISO 9004:2018 provides a self-assessment tool to review the extent to which the organization has adopted the concepts in this document. ISO 9004:2018 is…


Baseball is a game played between two teams. It has a little similarity to cricket but rules are much different. In this game also one team has to make runs and the other team has to chase it in order to win the game. This course by Academy Europe provides…

ISO 9001:2015

ISO 9001:2015 sets out the criteria for a quality management system and is the only standard in the family that can be certified to (although this is not a requirement). It can be used by any organization, large or small, regardless of its field of activity. In fact, there are…

Aguada Fort History

Aguada Fort is around 400 years old and was constructed by Portuguese in Goa to safeguard themselves from the Dutch and the Marathas. Confluence of Mandovi River and Arabian Sea can be viewed from here. This course by Academy Europe will let you know about the history of the fort…


This course by Academy Europe covers the basics of the science of cryptography. It explains how programmers and network professionals can use cryptography to maintain the privacy of computer data. Starting with the origins of cryptography, it moves on to explain cryptosystems, various traditional and modern ciphers, public key encryption,…

Computer Programming

Computer programming is the act of writing computer programs, which are a sequence of instructions written using a Computer Programming Language to perform a specified task by the computer. Computer Programming is fun and easy to learn provided you adopt a proper approach. This course by Academy Europe attempts to…

IEC/PAS 62180

IEC/PAS 62180 describes Electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity testing machine model (MM). This method establishes a standard procedure for testing and classifiying microcircuits according to their susceptibility to damage or degradation by exposure to a defined Machine Model (MM) electrostatic discharge (ESD). The objective is to provide reliable, repeatable MM ESD…

Business Sales

Sales training is an integral and fundamental part of any business operational cycle. The most important role of a Sales Manager is to provide Sales Training to the members in his team, so that they can achieve their targets and prove their productivity. Improperly trained salespersons often end up providing…

Barefoot Skiing Sport

Barefoot Skiing is a sport in which a skier has to ski on shallow water. The skier clutches the holder of the rope which is attached on the bottom of the boat. The skier has to balance on the water surface by standing on the skis and the motorist has…

ISO IEC 27001:2013 Information Technology

ISO/IEC 27001:2013 specifies the requirements for establishing, implementing, maintaining and continually improving an information security management system within the context of the organization. It also includes requirements for the assessment and treatment of information security risks tailored to the needs of the organization. The requirements set out in ISO/IEC 27001:2013…

Agra Fort History

Agra Fort is one of the largest forts in India. The fort was under Rajputs, Mughals, Suris, Marathas, and British. It was renovated by Mughal dynasty and in this period many structures were built inside the fort. The fort consists of many attractions like mosques, public and private halls, palaces,…

Computer Logical Organization

Computer Logical Organization refers to the level of abstraction above the digital logic level, but below the operating system level. At this level, the major components are functional units or subsystems that correspond to specific pieces of hardware built from the lower level building blocks. This course by Academy Europe…

DIN 18181

DIN 18181 describes dry lining and partitioning using gypsum plasterboard. DIN, the German Institute for Standardization, is the independent platform for standardization in Germany and worldwide. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and e-certificates which are formal proof and recognition of accredited online courses. It shows all…

CEI IEC 255-22-2:1996

CEI IEC 255-22-2: 1996 Course describes Electrical disturbance tests for measuring relays and protection equipment and electrostatic discharge tests. The IEC and ISO are both independent, non-governmental, not-for-profit organizations that develop and publish fully consensus-based International Standards. The members of the two organizations include government, private and public-private entities. For…

Business Analysis

Business Analysis is a subject which provides concepts and insights into the development of the initial framework for any project. It holds the key to guide key stakeholders of a project to perform business modelling in a systematic manner. This course by Academy Europe provides a brief overview of the…

Bandy Sport

Bandy is a team game in which two teams play on ice and shoot goals in the goalpost of the other team. The sport is played into two halves of 45 minutes each. Bandy should not be confused with Ice Hockey because both the games follow different rules and playing…

ISO 14001:2015 Environmental Management Systems

ISO 14001:2015 specifies the requirements for an environmental management system that an organization can use to enhance its environmental performance. ISO 14001:2015 is intended for use by an organization seeking to manage its environmental responsibilities in a systematic manner that contributes to the environmental pillar of sustainability. The IEC and…

Computer Graphics

Computer graphics are used to simplify this process. To display a picture of any size on a computer screen is a difficult process.  Various algorithms and techniques are used to generate graphics in computers. This course by Academy Europe will help you understand how all these are processed by the…

DIN 18159

DIN 18159 describes polyurethane (PUR) foam thermal insulating material applied in Situ applications, requirements, workmanship and testing. This course briefly explains DIN 18159 and detailed DIN standardization. DIN, the German Institute for Standardization, is the independent platform for standardization in Germany and worldwide. What is a standard? A standard is…

IEC WT 012001(E)

IEC WT 01:2001(E) describes International Electrotechnical Commission system for conformity testing and certification of wind turbines. The IEC and ISO are both independent, non-governmental, not-for-profit organizations that develop and publish fully consensus-based International Standards. The members of the two organizations include government, private and public-private entities. For each organization, there…


Badminton is a game played between two or four players. Both teams have to make points in order to defeat the other team. This course by Academy Europe explains the basic rules of how to play this game. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and e-certificates…

ISO 9001:2015 Quality management systems — Requirements

ISO 9001:2015 specifies requirements for a quality management system when an organization: a) needs to demonstrate its ability to consistently provide products and services that meet customer and applicable statutory and regulatory requirements, and b) aims to enhance customer satisfaction through the effective application of the system, including processes for…

Computer Fundamentals

Computer is an advanced electronic device that takes raw data as an input from the user and processes it under the control of a set of instructions (called program), produces a result (output), and saves it for future use. This course by Academy Europe explains the foundational concepts of computer…

DIN 18127

DIN 18127 describes determination of dry density/moisture cpntent relationship. DIN, the German Institute for Standardization, is the independent platform for standardization in Germany and worldwide. What is a standard? A standard is a document that specifies requirements for products, services and/or processes, laying down their required characteristics. This helps ensure…

DIN 7167

DIN 7167 describes relationship between tolerances of size, form and parallelism. DIN, the German Institute for Standardization, is the independent platform for standardization in Germany and worldwide. What is a standard? A standard is a document that specifies requirements for products, services and/or processes, laying down their required characteristics. This…

Bank Management

Bank management governs various concerns associated with banks in order to maximize profits and minimize risks. This is a basic course by Academy Europe that explains the methodologies applied in the rapidly growing area of bank management in commercial banks. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates…

Australian Football

Australian Football is one of the most popular sports in Australia. In this sport, the players have to handle the ball through kicking, handballing, and running with the ball. The sport also demands speed, agility and physical toughness. This course by Academy Europe will help you learn the basics of…

A/B Software Testing

A/B Testing is one of the best way to compare two or more versions of an application or a web page. It enables you to determine which one of them performs better and can generate better conversion rates. It is one of the easiest ways to analyze an application or…

Basic Electronics

This course supplies basic information on how to use electronic components and explains the logic behind solid state circuit design. Starting with an introduction to semiconductor physics, the course moves on to cover topics such as resistors, capacitors, inductors, transformers, diodes, and transistors. Some of the topics and the circuits…

Cloud Computing

Cloud Computing provides us means by which we can access the applications as utilities over the internet. It allows us to create, configure, and customize the business applications online. This course by Academy Europe will take you through a step-by-step approach while learning Cloud Computing concepts. Free Certification Academy…

Behavior Driven Development

Behavior Driven Development (BDD) is a software development process that originally emerged from Test Driven Development (TDD). BDD uses examples to illustrate the behavior of the system that are written in a readable and understandable language for everyone involved in the development. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal…

Basics of Computer Science

Computer Science is one of the disciplines of modern science under which, we study about the various aspects of computer technologies, their development, and their applications in the present world. Likewise, Computer Science includes a wide range of topics such as the development of Computer Technology (hardware and software), application…


Athletics is a collection of sports that include competitions like running, throwing, jumping, and walking. In this course, we will get to know the basics of athletics and discuss all the relevant facts and information about various different types of athletics and their culture. Free Certification Academy Europe presents…

Aviation Management

Aviation Management is an activity of planning, designing, operating, and maintaining aircrafts and airport. This is an introductory course that provides an overview of how the airports and airlines are managed worldwide. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and e-certificates which are formal proof and recognition…

Artificial Neural Network

Neural networks are parallel computing devices, which are basically an attempt to make a computer model of the brain. The main objective is to develop a system to perform various computational tasks faster than the traditional systems. This course by Academy Europe covers the basic concept and terminologies involved in…


Archery is a bow and arrow game where each player is supposed to shoot arrows from a bow and hit a fixed target. This course by Academy Europe explains the basic necessary things for the game and allows the reader to understand a bit about the game and the playing…

Advertising and Marketing Communications

Advertising and Marketing Communications is an art and technique of developing and communicating messages to promote the products/services/ideas. It is creative, demanding, rewarding, exciting, and also challenging. The sole objective of this creative technique is to effectively create awareness about products, services, and/or ideas. This course by Academy Europe is…

Basics of Computers

A computer is an electronic device that receives input, stores or processes the input as per user instructions and provides output in desired format. Computers have become an integral part of our lives because they can accomplish easy tasks repeatedly without getting bored and complex ones repeatedly without committing errors. In…

Appreciative Inquiry

Appreciative Inquiry is a new perspective of thinking, where the conditions in which an organization works best is closely assessed, contrary to the usual idea of finding out drawbacks, deficits, and flaws within an organization to improve its functioning. In this course, we will try to figure out how one…


An electronic signal contains some information which cannot be utilized if doesn’t have proper strength. The process of increasing the signal strength is called as Amplification. Almost all electronic equipment must include some means for amplifying the signals. We find the use of amplifiers in medical devices, scientific equipment, automation, military…

American Football

American Football popularly known as the Rugby Football or Gridiron originated in United States resembling a union of Rugby and soccer; played in between two teams with each team of eleven players. American football gained fame as the people wanted to detach themselves from the English influence. The information here…

C Programming Basics

C is a general-purpose, procedural, imperative computer programming language developed in 1972 by Dennis M. Ritchie at the Bell Telephone Laboratories to develop the UNIX operating system. C is the most widely used computer language. It keeps fluctuating at number one scale of popularity along with Java programming language, which…

Inter Process Communication

Inter Process Communication (IPC) refers to a mechanism, where the operating systems allow various processes to communicate with each other. This involves synchronizing their actions and managing shared data. This tutorial covers a foundational understanding of IPC. Each of the chapters contain related topics with simple and useful examples.…

Computer Programming

Computer programming is the act of writing computer programs, which are a sequence of instructions written using a Computer Programming Language to perform a specified task by the computer. Computer Programming is fun and easy to learn provided you adopt a proper approach. This course by Academy Europe attempts to…

Artificial Intelligence

This course by Academy Europe provides introductory knowledge on Artificial Intelligence. It would come to a great help if you are about to select Artificial Intelligence as a course subject. You can briefly know about the areas of AI in which research is prospering. Free Certification Academy Europe presents…

Adaptive Software Development

Adaptive Software Development is a move towards adaptive practices, leaving the deterministic practices in the context of complex systems and complex environments. Adaptive Software Development focuses on collaboration and learning as a technique to build complex systems. It is evolved from the best practices of Rapid Application Development (RAD) and…


This course is designed for Professionals who are willing to learn Statistics and want to clear B.A., B.Sc., B.COM, M.COM and other exams. This Statistics preparation material will cover the important concepts of Statistics syllabus. It contains chapters discussing all the basic concepts of Statistics with suitable examples. Free…

Financial Accounting

Accounting is a business language. We can use this language to communicate financial transactions and their results. Accounting is a comprehensive system to collect, analyze, and communicate financial information. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and e-certificates which are formal proof and recognition of accredited online…


The main objective of auditing is to ensure the financial reliability of any organization. Independent opinion and judgement form the objectives of auditing. Auditing also helps to ensure that the books of accounts are kept according to the rules stipulated in the Companies Act and whether the books of accounts…


Accounting is a business language. We can use this language to communicate financial transactions and their results. Accounting is a comprehensive system to collect, analyze, and communicate financial information. Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and e-certificates which are formal proof and recognition of accredited online…

Hotel Management

Hotel Management covers hospitality industry news, analysis, trends, finance, business, design, and people for hotel management at each level of the market. Program Objective The objective of Program in Tourism and Hotel Management is to equip students with knowledge and skills required in services, cuisine, reception and public relations in…

SAP for Beginners

SAP has the largest market share of all ERP systems & commands unparalleled premium in the ERP & IT market. These basic course by Academy Europe will introduce the SAP ERP, Business suite, SAP Modules, GUI and process to become a SAP consultant. Syllabus  Tutorial Introduction to SAP Introduction…

Advanced Communication Skills

All human interactions are a form of communication. In the business world, nothing can be achieved without effectively communicating with employers, employees, clients, suppliers, and customers. If you look at the most successful business people in the world, you will see people who have mastered the art of communication. And…

Agile Methodology

AGILE methodology is a practice that promotes continuous iteration of development and testing throughout the software development lifecycle of the project. Both development and testing activities are concurrent unlike the Waterfall model Free Certification Academy Europe presents high-quality formal diplomas, certificates and e-certificates which are formal proof and recognition of accredited…

Business Analyst

A business analyst is someone who analyzes information and investigates the goals and issues of a company. They advise organizations on how to improve their efficiency and finances. They are responsible for figuring out the actual needs of the company, not simply the stakeholder’s expressed wishes. They will communicate with a wide variety…

Project Management

Project management methodology is a series of different processes designed to assist managers to accomplish definite goal by carefully organizing, controlling and executing the project. In this tutorial, you will learn various techniques to complete your project successfully. What should I know? This course is designed for fresh project managers…


Bootstrap is the most popular front-end framework for faster and easier web development. It includes HTML and CSS based design templates for typography, forms, buttons, tables, navigation, modals, image carousels and many other, as well as optional JavaScript plugins. Bootstrap also gives you the ability to easily create responsive designs…

CSS Cascading Style Sheets

Cascading Style Sheets, fondly referred to as CSS, is a simply designed language intended to simplify the process of making web pages presentable. CSS allows you to apply styles to web pages. More importantly, CSS enables you to do this independent of the HTML that makes up each web page. CSS is easy…

HTML HyperText Markup Language

HTML is a computer language devised to allow website creation. These websites can then be viewed by anyone else connected to the Internet. It is relatively easy to learn, with the basics being accessible to most people in one sitting; and quite powerful in what it allows you to create. It is constantly…


Adobe Photoshop is a software application for image editing and photo retouching for use on Windows or MacOS computers. Photoshop offers users the ability to create, enhance, or otherwise edit images, artwork, and illustrations. Changing backgrounds, simulating a real-life painting, or creating an alternative view of the universe are all…


JavaScript syntax is a programming script, that runs on the frontend. It is mostly used for event handling like displaying or hiding some contents, replacing some contents or changing css styles depending on user interactions on a predefined UI which is termed as event handling collectively. Here are a few…


jQuery is a lightweight, “write less, do more”, JavaScript library. The purpose of jQuery is to make it much easier to use JavaScript on your website. jQuery takes a lot of common tasks that require many lines of JavaScript code to accomplish, and wraps them into methods that you can…

Compiler Design

Motivation for doing this course Why at all does one need to study compilers? What is its use? Why should one do this course ? Well these are some of the reasons why you should go for it. . Language processing is an important component of programming . A large…

Lean Six Sigma

The Lean Six Sigma Certificate Course focuses and highlights overview and details of some of the important aspects of ‘Lean Six Sigma’ and the tools used to implement it in organizations to improve their bottom line by controlling variations in processes, reducing defects to near zero level and adopting lean…

Nuclear Engineering

Nuclear engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the application of breaking down atomic nuclei (fission) or of combining atomic nuclei (fusion), or with the application of other sub-atomic processes based on the principles of nuclear physics. In the sub-field of nuclear fission, it particularly includes the design, interaction,…


Banking is an integral part of the modern economy. But the nature and functions of modern banks have evolved over a long period of time. The idea of banking evolved with the idea of money.Banking business is mainly linked to lending. Moneylender is to be found in every society-ancient or…

Learn PHP Programming From Scratch

PHP is an acronym for “PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor”. It is a powerful server side script for creating dynamic and interactive Web pages. PHP files can contain text, HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and PHP code. PHP code are executed on the server and the result is returned to the browser as plain…